Simple Present Forms
Most verbs conjugate like the verb "run" below. Notice how you add an "s" to third-person forms. Third-person negative forms and third-person questions are made using "does."
|I run.||I do not run.||Do I run?|
|You run.||You do not run.||Do you run?|
|We run.||We do not run.||Do we run?|
|They run.||They do not run.||Do they run?|
|He runs.||He does not run.||Does he run?|
|She runs.||She does not run.||Does she run?|
|It runs.||It does not run.||Does it run?|
Instead of "s," "es" is added to positive, third-person forms of verbs ending with the following sounds: s, z, sh, ch, j or zs (as in Zsa Zsa). These special "es"-forms have been marked below with an asterisk*.
|I rush.||I do not rush.||Do I rush?|
|You rush.||You do not rush.||Do you rush?|
|We rush.||We do not rush.||Do we rush?|
|They rush.||They do not rush.||Do they rush?|
|He rushes. *||He does not rush.||Does he rush?|
|She rushes. *||She does not rush.||Does she rush?|
|It rushes. *||It does not rush.||Does it rush?|
The verb "have" is irregular in positive, third-person forms. This irregular form has been marked below with an asterisk*.
|I have.||I do not have.||Do I have?|
|You have.||You do not have.||Do you have?|
|We have.||We do not have.||Do we have?|
|They have.||They do not have.||Do they have?|
|He has. *||He does not have.||Does he have?|
|She has. *||She does not have.||Does she have?|
|It has. *||It does not have.||Does it have?|
The verb "be" is irregular in the Simple Present. It also has different question forms and negative forms.
|I am.||I am not.||Am I?|
|You are.||You are not.||Are you?|
|We are.||We are not.||Are we?|
|They are.||They are not.||Are they?|
|He is.||He is not.||Is he?|
|She is.||She is not.||Is she?|
|It is.||It is not.||Is it?|
Modal verbs behave differently from other verbs. Notice that they do not take "s" in the third person - there is no difference between first-person, second-person or third-person forms. Like the verb "be" described above, modal verbs also have different question forms and negative forms in simple present.
|I should go.||I should not go.||Should I go?|
|You should go.||You should not go.||Should you go?|
|We should go.||We should not go.||Should we go?|
|They should go.||They should not go.||Should they go?|
|He should go.||He should not go.||Should he go?|
|She should go.||She should not go.||Should she go?|
|It should go.||It should not go.||Should it go?|
To learn more about modal verbs and how they behave differently from other verbs, visit 's Modal Verb Tutorial.