english lessons

Conditional Tutorial

There are two kinds of conditional sentences: real and unreal. Real Conditional describes real-life situations. Unreal Conditional describes unreal, imaginary situations. Although the various conditional forms might seem quite abstract at first, they are actually some of the most useful structures in English and are commonly included in daily conversations. If you prefer to use the conditional pages as a reference only and do not want to complete the tutorial, Click Here.

How to use this tutorial:

1. Read this introduction page.

2. Prepare for the exercises by reading the descriptions of the different conditional forms.

3. Complete the exercises below. After each exercise, we have listed the conditional forms covered. Just click on the name of the conditional form to learn more about its use.

Conditional Exercise 1"If" vs. "When"
Conditional Exercise 2Present Unreal Conditional
Conditional Exercise 3Present Real Conditional and Present Unreal Conditional
Conditional Exercise 4Past Unreal Conditional
Conditional Exercise 5Past Real Conditional and Past Unreal Conditional
Conditional Exercise 6Present Unreal Conditional and Past Unreal Conditional
Conditional Exercise 7Future Real Conditional
Conditional Exercise 8Future Real Conditional and Future Unreal Conditional
Conditional Exercise 9Continuous Conditional Forms
Conditional Exercise 10Mixed Conditionals
Conditional Exercise 11"Were to" in Past, Present and Future
Conditional Final TestAll Conditional Forms

Conditional Overview with Examples

Present Real Conditional Present Unreal Conditional
If I have time, I study English.
Sometimes I have time.
If I had time, I would study English.
I don't have time.
Past Real Conditional Past Unreal Conditional
If I had time, I studied English.
Sometimes I had time.
If I had had time, I would have studied English.
I didn't have time.
Future Real Conditional Future Unreal Conditional
If I have time, I will study English.
If I have time, I am going to study English.
I don't know if I will have time or not.

Other forms possible.
If I had time, I would study English.
I won't have time.

Other forms possible.
Your personal online English school. Learn English at !
Weekly Lesson Grammar Book Vocabulary Verb Tenses Conditionals Modals Gerunds / Infinitives Articles Prepositions Mini-tutorials Irregular Verbs Reading Room Listening Lounge Games English Schools Verb + Preposition Dictionary